18 May 2006 MWIR focal plane arrays made with HgCdTe grown by MBE on germanium substrates
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Abstract
The possibility to grow HgCdTe by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) on large alternative substrates opens the way of increasing the size and reducing the cost of infrared FPAs operating in the Medium Wave InfraRed (MWIR) bands. Germanium was chosen several years ago at Leti because its 'in situ' and 'ex situ' surface preparations are much easier to control compared to the more conventionally used silicon alternative substrate. Moreover extremely high quality germanium "epiready" substrates are commercially available at a reasonable cost for wafer sizes up to 8 inches. MWIR HgCdTe wafers grown today by Defir (LETI/Sofradir joint laboratory) on germanium (up to 4 inches diameter) using MBE, exhibit electrical and physical properties that enables the fabrication of FPAs with various sizes (320×256, 640×512, 1280×1024) and pitches (from 30μm to 15μm) with electro-optical performances similar to the standard process based on the more conventional epilayers of HgCdTe grown on CdZnTe by Liquid Phase Epitaxy (LPE). Due to the low microscopic and macroscopic defect density that can be obtained on such wafers, operabilities above 99.9% are reached today. A status of this MBE growth technology is presented as well as the FPAs performances, including conventional industrial products manufactured such as 320×256 (pitch 30μm), 640×512 (pitch 15μm) and the largest 1280×1024 (pitch of 15μm) more recently available.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Philippe Tribolet, Philippe Tribolet, Sophie Blondel, Sophie Blondel, Patricia Costa, Patricia Costa, Agnès Combette, Agnès Combette, Laurent Vial, Laurent Vial, Philippe Ballet, Philippe Ballet, Jean Paul Zanatta, Jean Paul Zanatta, Olivier Gravrand, Olivier Gravrand, Christophe Largeron, Christophe Largeron, Jean Paul Chamonal, Jean Paul Chamonal, Alain Million, Alain Million, } "MWIR focal plane arrays made with HgCdTe grown by MBE on germanium substrates", Proc. SPIE 6206, Infrared Technology and Applications XXXII, 62062F (18 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.669120; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.669120
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