17 May 2006 High frequency modulation approach for the nonlinear seismo-acoustic detection of buried landmines
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Buried in soil, landmines exhibit distinguishable nonlinear dynamic characteristics. These characteristics have been successfully used for nonlinear acoustic/seismic detection of both antipersonnel and antitank landmines. Despite a high potential of the nonlinear acoustic landmine detection technique, its utility is currently limited by a relatively high noise level of the LDV at frequencies typically used for landmine detection. To mitigate this limitation, we propose a modulation approach that exploits a nonlinear interaction of the low frequency resonance vibrations and higher frequency sound waves. The result of the modulation is manifested in a high frequency range as additional spectral components at the combination frequencies. The nonlinear response of the soil-mine dynamic system measured at the combination frequencies is used for the detection of the buried landmine. Exploring the higher frequency range has another benefit of using a directional high frequency sound source.
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Dimitri Donskoy, Dimitri Donskoy, Andrei Zagrai, Andrei Zagrai, Doug Fenneman, Doug Fenneman, Mikhail Tsionskiy, Mikhail Tsionskiy, Nikolay Sedunov, Nikolay Sedunov, } "High frequency modulation approach for the nonlinear seismo-acoustic detection of buried landmines", Proc. SPIE 6217, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets XI, 62170X (17 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.666457; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.666457

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