19 May 2006 Implementing a shadow detection algorithm for synthetic vision systems in reconfigurable hardware
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Abstract
The integrity monitor for synthetic vision systems provides pilots with a consistency check between stored Digital Elevation Models (DEM) and real-time sensor data. This paper discusses the implementation of the Shadow Detection and Extraction (SHADE) algorithm in reconfigurable hardware to increase the efficiency of the design. The SHADE algorithm correlates data from a weather radar and DEM to determine occluded regions of the flight path terrain. This process of correlating the weather radar and DEM data occurs in two parallel threads which are then fed into a disparity checker. The DEM thread is broken up into four main sub-functions: 1) synchronization and translation of GPS coordinates of aircraft to the weather radar, 2) mapping range bins to coordinates and computing depression angles, 3) mapping state assignments to range bins, and 4) shadow region edge detection. This correlation must be done in realtime; therefore, a hardware implementation is ideal due to the amount of data that is to be processed. The hardware of choice is the field programmable gate array because of programmability, reusability, and computational ability. Assigning states to each range bin is the most computationally intensive process and it is implemented as a finite state machine (FSM). Results of this work are focused on the implementation of the FSM.
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Jumoke Ladeji-Osias, Jumoke Ladeji-Osias, Andre Theobalds, Andre Theobalds, Otsebele Nare, Otsebele Nare, Theirry Wandji, Theirry Wandji, Craig Scott, Craig Scott, Kofi Nyarko, Kofi Nyarko, } "Implementing a shadow detection algorithm for synthetic vision systems in reconfigurable hardware", Proc. SPIE 6226, Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2006, 622603 (19 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.665895; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.665895
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