In order to train war fighters for urban warfare, live exercises are held at various Military Operations on Urban Terrain
(MOUT) facilities. Commanders need to have situation awareness (SA) of the entire mock battlefield, and also the
individual actions of the various war fighters. The commanders must be able to provide instant feedback and play
through different actions and 'what-if' scenarios with the war fighters. The war fighters in their turn should be able to
review their actions and rehearse different maneuvers.
In this paper, we describe the technologies behind a prototype training system, which tracks war fighters around an
urban site using a combination of ultra-wideband (UWB) Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and smart video
based tracking. The system is able to: (1) Tag each individual with an unique ID using an RFID system, (2) Track and
locate individuals within the domain of interest, (3) Associate IDs with visual appearance derived from live videos, (4)
Visualize movement and actions of individuals within the context of a 3D model, and (5) Store and review activities
with (x,y,ID) information associated with each individual.
Dynamic acquisition and recording of the precise location of individual troops and units during training greatly aids the
analysis of the training sessions allowing improved review, critique and instruction.