22 May 2006 Courses of action for effects based operations using evolutionary algorithms
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This paper presents an Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) based approach to identify effective courses of action (COAs) in Effects Based Operations. The approach uses Timed Influence Nets (TINs) as the underlying mathematical model to capture a dynamic uncertain situation. TINs provide a concise graph-theoretic probabilistic approach to specify the cause and effect relationships that exist among the variables of interest (actions, desired effects, and other uncertain events) in a problem domain. The purpose of building these TIN models is to identify and analyze several alternative courses of action. The current practice is to use trial and error based techniques which are not only labor intensive but also produce sub-optimal results and are not capable of modeling constraints among actionable events. The EA based approach presented in this paper is aimed to overcome these limitations. The approach generates multiple COAs that are close enough in terms of achieving the desired effect. The purpose of generating multiple COAs is to give several alternatives to a decision maker. Moreover, the alternate COAs could be generalized based on the relationships that exist among the actions and their execution timings. The approach also allows a system analyst to capture certain types of constraints among actionable events.
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Sajjad Haider, Sajjad Haider, Alexander H. Levis, Alexander H. Levis, } "Courses of action for effects based operations using evolutionary algorithms", Proc. SPIE 6228, Modeling and Simulation for Military Applications, 622811 (22 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.670041; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.670041

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