17 May 2006 A nonlinear filtering and predication (NFP) method for maneuvering target tracking
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A new non-linear filtering and predication (NFP) algorithm with input estimation is proposed for maneuvering target tracking. In the proposed method, the acceleration level is determined by a decision process, where a least squares (LS) estimator plays a major role to detect target maneuvering within a sliding window. In this paper, we first illustrate that the optimal solution to minimize the mean squared error (MSE) must consider a trade-off between the bias and error variance. For the application of target tracking, we then derive the MSE of target positions in a close form by using orthogonal space decompositions. Then we discuss the NFP estimator, and evaluate how well the approach potentially works in the case of given system parameters. Comparing with the traditional unbiased minimum variance filter (UMVF), Kalman filter, and interactive multiple model (IMM) algorithms, numerical results show that the newly proposed NFP method performs comparable or better in all scenarios with less computational requirements.
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H. Chen, H. Chen, K. C. Chang, K. C. Chang, } "A nonlinear filtering and predication (NFP) method for maneuvering target tracking", Proc. SPIE 6235, Signal Processing, Sensor Fusion, and Target Recognition XV, 623503 (17 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.668890; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.668890

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