4 May 2006 Modulation domain infrared target models
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We compute joint AM-FM models that characterize infrared targets and backgrounds in the modulation domain. We consider spatially localized structures within an IR image as sums of nonstationary, quasi-sinusoidal functions admitting locally narrowband amplitude and frequency modulations. By quantitatively estimating the modulations that dominate the signal spectrum on a spatially local basis, we obtain a new modulation domain feature vector that can augment the more traditional pixel domain, Fourier spectrum, and multispectral color features that have been used in IR target detection and tracking systems for a long time. Our preliminary studies, based primarily on midwave and longwave missile approach sequences, suggest that IR targets and backgrounds do typically possess sufficient spatially local modulated structure (i.e., texture) for modulation domain techniques to be meaningfully applied. We also present qualitative results strongly indicating that the modulation domain feature vector is a powerful tool for discriminating infrared targets and backgrounds.
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Joseph P. Havlicek, Joseph P. Havlicek, Chuong T. Nguyen, Chuong T. Nguyen, Mark Yeary, Mark Yeary, "Modulation domain infrared target models", Proc. SPIE 6239, Targets and Backgrounds XII: Characterization and Representation, 62390D (4 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.666340; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.666340

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