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12 May 2006 Quantum cryptography at 830nm in standard telecommunications fiber
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Abstract
Quantum cryptography systems can operate over relatively long distances in standard telecommunications fiber by taking advantage of the low transmission losses in these fibers at 1.3 or 1.5 microns. Although there has been much progress toward the development of highly efficient and low-noise detectors for these wavelengths, silicon avalanche photodiodes currently offer superior single photon counting performance, but only at visible and near IR wavelengths where the fiber transmission is poor. For ranges typical of local area networks, it is possible that a quantum key distribution (QKD) system operating below 850nm could be optimal, even though standard telecommunications fiber supports multiple optical modes at these wavelengths. We have recently developed an optical mode filter that allows efficient higher order mode rejection from standard telecommunications fiber near 830nm. We have used this type of filter to launch and recover QKD signals from a polarization-based system implementing the BB84 quantum cryptography protocol. Here we present results from testing and operation in installed fiber links ranging up to 3km. These results demonstrate that the filters can attenuate the higher order modes over 35dB while having a minimal (<1dB) impact on the fundamental mode carrying the QKD signal.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Bryan Jacobs, Scott Hendrickson, Michael Dennis, and James Franson "Quantum cryptography at 830nm in standard telecommunications fiber", Proc. SPIE 6244, Quantum Information and Computation IV, 62440H (12 May 2006); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.665872
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