We only began to detect other planetary systems with the discovery of debris disks in 1983 with IRAS, followed by the great success of gravitational recoil measurements starting in 1995. We now know of many hundreds of them. Despite the phenomenal growth of this new field of study, our knowledge of each system is meager, strongly conditioned by observational limitations. In addition, our grasp of the ensemble properties is weak because of strong selection effects in the known samples. A series of new capabilities - Herschel, Kepler, WISE, SIM Planetquest, and JWST - will provide a systematic understanding by 2018, marking the 35th anniversary of the first IRAS detections. Specifically, we should have a good census of solar-type stars in habitable zones, a far better understanding of the evolution of terrestrial planets, and direct detections of a number of gas giants as well as new insights to their frequent migration into orbits very close to their stars and the consequences of this process for planetary systems in general.