7 July 2006 Telescope to Observe Planetary Systems (TOPS): a high throughput 1.2-m visible telescope with a small inner working angle
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Abstract
The Telescope to Observe Planetary Systems (TOPS) is a proposed space mission to image in the visible (0.4- 0.9 μm) planetary systems of nearby stars simultaneously in 16 spectral bands (resolution R≈20). For the ≈10 most favorable stars, it will have the sensitivity to discover 2RΕ rocky planets within habitable zones and characterize their surfaces or atmospheres through spectrophotometry. Many more massive planets and debris discs will be imaged and characterized for the first time. With a 1.2m visible telescope, the proposed mission achieves its power by exploiting the most efficient and robust coronagraphic and wavefront control techniques. The Phase-Induced Amplitude Apodization (PIAA) coronagraph used by TOPS allows planet detection at 2λ/d with nearly 100% throughput and preserves the telescope angular resolution. An efficient focal plane wavefront sensing scheme accurately measures wavefront aberrations which are fed back to the telescope active primary mirror. Fine wavefront control is also performed independently in each of 4 spectral channels, resulting in a system that is robust to wavefront chromaticity.
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Olivier Guyon, Olivier Guyon, James R. P. Angel, James R. P. Angel, Charles Bowers, Charles Bowers, James Burge, James Burge, Adam Burrows, Adam Burrows, Johanan Codona, Johanan Codona, Thomas Greene, Thomas Greene, Masanori Iye, Masanori Iye, James Kasting, James Kasting, Hubert Martin, Hubert Martin, Donald W. McCarthy, Jr., Donald W. McCarthy, Jr., Victoria Meadows, Victoria Meadows, Michael Meyer, Michael Meyer, Eugene A. Pluzhnik, Eugene A. Pluzhnik, Norman Sleep, Norman Sleep, Tony Spears, Tony Spears, Motohide Tamura, Motohide Tamura, Domenick Tenerelli, Domenick Tenerelli, Robert Vanderbei, Robert Vanderbei, Bruce Woodgate, Bruce Woodgate, Robert A. Woodruff, Robert A. Woodruff, Neville J. Woolf, Neville J. Woolf, } "Telescope to Observe Planetary Systems (TOPS): a high throughput 1.2-m visible telescope with a small inner working angle", Proc. SPIE 6265, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation I: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter, 62651R (7 July 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.672498; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.672498
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