13 June 2006 Development of a prototype nickel optic for the Constellation-X hard x-ray telescope: IV
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Abstract
The Constellation-X mission planned for launch in 2015-2020 timeframe, will feature an array of Hard X-ray telescopes (HXT) with a total collecting area greater than 1500 cm2 at 40 keV. Two technologies are being investigated for the optics of these telescopes, one of which is multilayer-coated Electroformed-Nickel-Replicated (ENR) shells. The attraction of the ENR process is that the resulting full-shell optics are inherently stable and offer the prospect of better angular resolution which results in lower background and higher instrument sensitivity. We are building a prototype HXT mirror module using an ENR process to fabricate the individual shells. This prototype consists of 5 shells with diameters ranging from 15 cm to 28 cm with a length of 42.6 cm. The innermost of these will be coated with iridium, while the remainder will be coated with graded d-spaced W/Si multilayers. The assembly structure has been completed and last year we reported on full beam illumination results from the first test shell mounted in this structure. We have now fabricated and coated two (15 cm and 23 cm diameter) 100 micron thick shells which have been aligned and mounted. This paper presents the results of full beam illumination X-ray tests, taken at MPE-Panter. The HEW of the individual shells will be discussed, in addition to results from the full two shell optic test.
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S. Romaine, S. Basso, R. J. Bruni, W. Burkert, O. Citterio, G. Conti, D. Engelhaupt, M. J. Freyberg, M. Ghigo, P. Gorenstein, M. Gubarev, G. Hartner, F. Mazzoleni, S. O'Dell, G. Pareschi, B. D. Ramsey, C. Speegle, D. Spiga, "Development of a prototype nickel optic for the Constellation-X hard x-ray telescope: IV", Proc. SPIE 6266, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation II: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 62661C (13 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.672052; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.672052
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KEYWORDS
X-ray telescopes

Multilayers

Prototyping

X-rays

Hard x-rays

Mirrors

Space telescopes

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