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15 June 2006 Development of p-type CCD for the NeXT: the next Japanese x-ray astronomical satellite mission
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Abstract
The next Japanese X-ray astronomical satellite mission, NeXT, was proposed to ISAS/JAXA following the Astro-E2 Suzaku satellite which was launched in July 2005. We develop an X-ray CCD camera system, SXI (Soft X-ray Imager), for NeXT. The Hard X-ray Telescope (HXT) onboard NeXT provides imaging capability up to 80 keV, using the multilayer-coated X-ray mirror technology, called "Supermirror", newly developed in Japan. SXI is one of the focal plane detectors of HXT, which covers the soft energy band in the 0.5-12 keV in the baseline and 0.3-25 keV in the goal. We develop p-type CCDs for the baseline of SXI because p-type CCDs have been successfully used for previous X-ray astronomical satellites. We developed a prototype of a p-type CCD for SXI, called "CCD-NeXT1". CCD-NeXT1 is a frame-transfer CCD with two readout nodes. The image area of CCD-NeXT1 consists of 2Kx2K pixels with a pixel size of 12 μm x 12 μm. We evaluated performance of CCD-NeXT1 devices, KG-4 and KG-5. The energy resolution was 141.8±0.6 eV full width at half maximum at 5.9 keV, the readout noise was 4.7±0.2 e-, the horizontal CTI was < 5.1 x 10-7, and the vertical CTI was < 2.4 x 10-7 for KG-5. The performance of KG-4 was more or less the same as that of KG-5. The thickness of the depletion layer was 82±7 μm for KG-4 and 76±6 μm for KG-5. We conclude that our technology for p-type CCDs is sufficient to satisfy the CCD performance for the baseline of SXI.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Hideki Ozawa, Masakuni Tohiguchi, Daisuke Matsuura, Emi Miyata, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Shin-ichiro Takagi, Tatsuya Inui, Takeshi Go Tsuru, Yukiko Kamata, Hidehiko Nakaya, Satoshi Miyazaki, Kazuhisa Miyaguchi, Masaharu Muramatsu, and Hisanori Suzuki "Development of p-type CCD for the NeXT: the next Japanese x-ray astronomical satellite mission", Proc. SPIE 6266, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation II: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 62662N (15 June 2006); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.671216
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