23 June 2006 Floating sphere telescope: a new design for a 40-m Extremely Large Telescope
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Proceedings Volume 6267, Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes; 626727 (2006); doi: 10.1117/12.671840
Event: SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, 2006, Orlando, Florida , United States
Abstract
This paper work reports the results of the Preliminary Design Phase of the Floating Sphere Telescope that has been presented during the AOMATT in Xi'an, China, November 2005. The FST represents a new design for the realization of an ELT with a 40-metre primary mirror. The innovative concept of the structure and the sub-systems that constitute it as well as the use of new materials and technologies allow to obtain an instrument able to comply with very extreme specifications for structure such as ELTs. The structure allows to improve the stiffness to weight ratio of the structure, to introduce higher damping while maintaining under control the construction and maintenance costs. In comparison with the previous study, the following steps have been implemented: • Refining and optimizing the structural design and the FEA model, in particular we have included a realistic model of the constraint provided by the fluid used for flotation by characterization of its viscous and elastic properties in order to estimate the additional modal damping introduced by the flotation as function of fluid properties and geometry. • Designed (and introduced in the FEA model) various types of drives such as friction drives, tensioned ropes in "hexapod" configuration, "gravity" drives (moving ballast) and combinations of them to evaluate potential tracking performances • Designed the necessary connections for various types of utilities (power, data, cooling) • Included in the structural design a more elaborate optical design to satisfy specific science requirements (e.g. multiconjugate AO)
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gianpietro Marchiori, Francesco Rampini, "Floating sphere telescope: a new design for a 40-m Extremely Large Telescope", Proc. SPIE 6267, Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes, 626727 (23 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.671840; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.671840
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KEYWORDS
Telescopes

Mirrors

Optical instrument design

Optical spheres

Finite element methods

Adaptive optics

Large telescopes

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