29 June 2006 The PRIMA astrometric planet search: goals and prospects
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Abstract
ESO's PRIMA (Phase-Referenced Imaging and Micro-arcsecond Astrometry) facility at the VLT Interferometer on Cerro Paranal in Chile is expected to be fully operational in only a couple of years from now. With PRIMA/VLTI, it will then be possible to perform relative astrometry with an accuracy of the order of 10 μas over angles of about 10". The main science driver for this astrometric capability is the detection and characterization of extrasolar planets, including (1) the observation of known radial velocity planets and planetary systems to fully constrain their orbital geometry and accurately determine the mass of the planet(s), (2) a search for extrasolar planets around stars which are less suitable for the radial velocity method (for example young and active stars as well as early type stars), and (3) a systematic search around the most nearby stars to detect low mass planets (Uranus or Neptune masses). Preparatory observations of possible target stars, with the aim of identifying nearby suitable astrometric reference stars, have already started with SOFI at the NTT and are described. Furthermore, we compare the goals and prospects of the PRIMA Astrometric Planet Search to other projects aiming at detecting planets astrometrically, mostly from space.
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Sabine Reffert, Sabine Reffert, Damien Ségransan, Damien Ségransan, Ralf Launhardt, Ralf Launhardt, Thomas Henning, Thomas Henning, Didier Queloz, Didier Queloz, Andreas Quirrenbach, Andreas Quirrenbach, Francesco Pepe, Francesco Pepe, Johny Setiawan, Johny Setiawan, Patrick Weise, Patrick Weise, } "The PRIMA astrometric planet search: goals and prospects", Proc. SPIE 6268, Advances in Stellar Interferometry, 626846 (29 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.672238; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.672238
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