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28 June 2006 Laboratory testing the layer oriented wavefront sensor for the multiconjugate adaptive optics demonstrator
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Abstract
The Multiconjugate Adaptive optics Demonstrator (MAD) for ESO-Very Large Telescopes (VLT) will demonstrate on sky the MultiConjugate Adaptive Optics (MCAO) technique. In this paper the laboratory tests relative to the first preliminary acceptance in Europe of the Layer Oriented (LO) Wavefront Sensor (WFS) for MAD will be described: the capabilities of the LO approach have been checked and the ability of the WFS to measure phase screens positioned at different altitudes has been experimented. The LO WFS was opto-mechanically integrated and aligned in INAF - Astrophysical Observatory of Arcetri before the delivering to ESO (Garching) to be installed on the final optical bench. The LO WFS looks for up to 8 reference stars on a 2arcmin Field of View and up to 8 pyramids can be positioned where the focal spot images of the reference stars form, splitting the light in four beams. Then two objectives conjugated at different altitudes simultaneously produce a quadruple pupil image of each reference star. An optical bench setup and transparent plastic screens have been used to simulate telescope and static atmospheric layers at different altitudes and a set of optical fibers as (white) light source. The plastic screens set has been characterized using an inteferometer and the wave-front measurements compared to the LO WFS ones have shown correlation up to ~95%.
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Carmelo Arcidiacono, Matteo Lombini, Emiliano Diolaiti, Jacopo Farinato, and Roberto Ragazzoni "Laboratory testing the layer oriented wavefront sensor for the multiconjugate adaptive optics demonstrator", Proc. SPIE 6272, Advances in Adaptive Optics II, 627227 (28 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.671252; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.671252
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