6 July 2006 Support system design of the sub-mirror cell of the LAMOST Schmidt plate
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The reflecting Schmidt plate of the Large sky Area Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) is composed of 24 hexagonal segments, each of which is 1100 mm from corner to corner and 25 mm in thickness. Both segmented mirror active optics and deformable mirror active optics are involved in the Schmidt plate so as to compensate for optical aberration and structural deformation. A prototype of the segment support system with dummy aluminum mirror had been setup and tested during 2003 to 2004, afterwards, based on the evaluation of test, the whole support system was updated to a backlash-free and light-weighted design. For the segmented mirror active optics, the segment mirror support system is to fulfill motions of tip, tilt and piston with three linear positioning actuators. Instead of self-alignment bearing adopted in the early prototype, a centering diaphragm is employed to realize a backlash-free pintle. And a lever with reduction of 10:1 is introduced to each of the three positioning actuator mechanisms, respectively, to obtain greater load capacity and further finer output displacement, as hence releases requirement and cost of the actuators. For better performance, high strength steel blades are used in tension state for pivots of the levers preloaded with longitudinal springs. To gap the mirror segments with respect to each other for making proper space for edge sensors, three adjustable fixtures are implemented for each segment mirror module to do translation and pistion on three conrresponding nodes on the top layer of the gross mirror cell truss before being anchored once and forever. In addition, safety measurements as well as anti-rotation mechanism have been taken into consideration throughout the design and development process. This paper describes the mechanical design and related analysis of the segment mirror support system in detail.
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Dehua Yang, Dehua Yang, Fanghua Jiang, Fanghua Jiang, } "Support system design of the sub-mirror cell of the LAMOST Schmidt plate", Proc. SPIE 6273, Optomechanical Technologies for Astronomy, 62731H (6 July 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.671063; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.671063

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