27 June 2006 A sideband separation SIS mixer for 275-370 GHz for the APEX Telescope
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Abstract
The Atacama Pathfinder EXperiment (APEX) is a 12 m antenna now operating at the Llano Chajnantor on the Atacama Desert in Northern Chile at 5100 m altitude. APEX will be equipped with single-pixel heterodyne receivers covering 211 - 1500 GHz frequency range. We present a sideband separation (2SB) mixer using superconducting-insulator-superconductor (SIS) junction for the APEX band 2, 275-370 GHz. The 2SB mixer is based on a previous development of a double sideband (DSB) mixer, which is currently installed at the APEX telescope. This DSB receiver has a noise temperature of about 40-50 K across the band, and, as installed on one of the best site on the Earth, yields total DSB system noise temperatures of about 100 K for excellent weather. The 2SB mixer layout uses a modular approach with two identical DSB mixers, independently tested, having similar characteristics, and combined with an intermediate waveguide block, containing a 3 dB-90° branch-line coupler for the RF signal and a 3 dB-180° divider for the LO signal. The LO signals are injected into the mixer using a novel waveguide directional coupler based on 2 quartz chips containing E- probes, allowing to couple -15 dB of the LO to the RF path. At the conference, we will present the first measurements of this 2SB mixer, together with the current performance the DSB receiver at the APEX telescope.
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C. Risacher, R. Monje, V. Vassilev, A. Pavolotsky, V. Belitsky, "A sideband separation SIS mixer for 275-370 GHz for the APEX Telescope", Proc. SPIE 6275, Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy III, 62751T (27 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.671724; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.671724
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KEYWORDS
Double sideband modulation

Waveguides

Receivers

Telescopes

Optical isolators

Quartz

Space telescopes

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