Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lincoln Laboratory (MIT LL) has been developing both continuous and burst
solid-state focal-plane-array technology for a variety of high-speed imaging applications. For continuous imaging, a
128 × 128-pixel charge coupled device (CCD) has been fabricated with multiple output ports for operating rates greater
than 10,000 frames per second with readout noise of less than 10 e- rms. An electronic shutter has been integrated into
the pixels of the back-illuminated (BI) CCD imagers that give snapshot exposure times of less than 10 ns.
For burst imaging, a 5 cm × 5 cm, 512 × 512-element, multi-frame CCD imager that collects four sequential image
frames at megahertz rates has been developed for the Los Alamos National Laboratory Dual Axis Radiographic
Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) facility. To operate at fast frame rates with high sensitivity, the imager uses the same
electronic shutter technology as the continuously framing 128 × 128 CCD imager. The design concept and test results are
described for the burst-frame-rate imager.
Also discussed is an evolving solid-state imager technology that has interesting characteristics for creating large-format
x-ray detectors with ultra-short exposure times (100 to 300 ps). The detector will consist of CMOS readouts for high
speed sampling (tens of picoseconds transistor switching times) that are bump bonded to deep-depletion silicon
photodiodes. A 64 × 64-pixel CMOS test chip has been designed, fabricated and characterized to investigate the
feasibility of making large-format detectors with short, simultaneous exposure times.