7 September 2006 Results and lessons learned from MODIS polarization sensitivity characterization
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Abstract
In addition to radiometric, spatial, and spectral calibration requirements, MODIS design specifications include polarization sensitivity requirements of less than 2% for all Reflective Solar Bands (RSB) except for the band centered at 412nm. To the best of our knowledge, MODIS was the first imaging radiometer that went through comprehensive system level (end-to-end) polarization characterization. MODIS polarization sensitivity was measured pre-launch at a number of sensor view angles using a laboratory Polarization Source Assembly (PSA) that consists of a rotatable source, a polarizer (Ahrens prism design), and a collimator. This paper describes MODIS polarization characterization approaches used by MODIS Characterization Support Team (MCST) at NASA/GSFC and addresses issues and concerns in the measurements. Results (polarization factor and phase angle) using different analyzing methods are discussed. Also included in this paper is a polarization characterization comparison between Terra and Aqua MODIS. Our previous and recent analysis of MODIS RSB polarization sensitivity could provide useful information for future Earth-observing sensor design, development, and characterization.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
J. Sun, J. Sun, X. Xiong, X. Xiong, X. Wang, X. Wang, S. Qiu, S. Qiu, S. Xiong, S. Xiong, E. Waluschka, E. Waluschka, } "Results and lessons learned from MODIS polarization sensitivity characterization", Proc. SPIE 6296, Earth Observing Systems XI, 629605 (7 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.679080; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.679080
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