7 September 2006 Smart sensors
Author Affiliations +
Abstract
The term "Smart Sensors" refer to sensors which contain both sensing and signal processing capabilities with objectives ranging from simple viewing to sophisticated remote sensing, surveillance, search/track, weapon guidance, robotics, perceptronics and intelligence applications. In a broad sense, they include any sensor systems covering the whole electromagnetic spectrum: this paper deals specifically with a new class of smart sensors in infrared spectral bands whose developments started some years ago, when it was recognized that the rapid advances of "very large scale integration" (VLSI) processor technology and mosaic infrared detector array technology could be combined to develop new generations of infrared smart sensor systems with much improved performance. So, sophisticated signal processing operations have been developed for these new systems by integrating microcomputers and other VLSI signal processors within or next to the sensor arrays on the same focal plane avoiding complex computing located far away from the sensors. Recently this approach is achieving higher goals by a new and revolutionary sensors concept which introduce inside the sensor some of the basic function of living eyes, such as dynamic stare, dishomogenity compensation, spatial and temporal filtering. New objectives and requirements of these new focal plane processors are presented for this type of new infrared smart sensor systems. This paper is concerned with the processing techniques for only the front end of the focal plane processing, namely, the enhancement of target-to-noise ratio by background clutter suppression and the improvement in target detection by "smart" and pattern correlation threshold.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Carlo Corsi, Carlo Corsi, } "Smart sensors", Proc. SPIE 6297, Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing XIV, 62970W (7 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.687689; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.687689
PROCEEDINGS
9 PAGES


SHARE
RELATED CONTENT

Smart Sensors Why and when the origin was and...
Proceedings of SPIE (January 30 2014)
Performance trade-offs of infrared spectral imagers
Proceedings of SPIE (October 30 1997)
IR Signal Processing Under Zodiacal Light Background
Proceedings of SPIE (August 05 1980)
Smart sensors
Proceedings of SPIE (August 31 1991)

Back to Top