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27 September 2006 Numerical simulation of terrain effects in a backflow event that occurred over North China
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Much attention has been paid to terrain effects on planetary scale. Few works have addressed these impacts at finer scales. In this study, the terrain effect on a backflow weather occurred over North China during December 22 to 23, 2002 was investigated using the Pennsylvania State University-NCAR Fifth-Generation Mesoscale Model (MM5), version 3. Numerical simulation results show that the mountains in the western North China play a very important role in the backflow precipitation. The cold air from North East Plain was obstructed by the Taihang Mountain. The flat topography of the plain reduced the thickness of the cold air, its vertical velocity, and the intenseness of the precipitation. The results indicate that the cold air was accumulated in the windward of the mountain. This accumulation resulted in increased thickness of the cold air. Humid air could climb up to the top and amplify the precipitation.
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Shoubao Zhang, Pinwen Guo, and Yingxin Zhang "Numerical simulation of terrain effects in a backflow event that occurred over North China", Proc. SPIE 6298, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability III, 62981E (27 September 2006);

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