1 September 2006 Simultaneous overpass off nadir (SOON): a method for unified calibration/validation across IEOS and GEOSS system of systems
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Abstract
The US operates a diverse, evolving constellation of research and operational environmental satellites, principally in polar and geosynchronous orbits. Our current and enhanced future domestic remote sensing capability is complemented by the significant capabilities of our current and potential future international partners. In this analysis, we define "success" through the data customers' "eyes": participating in the sufficient and continuously improving satisfaction of their mission responsibilities. To successfully fuse together observations from multiple simultaneous platforms and sensors into a common, self-consistent, operational environment requires that there exist a unified calibration and validation approach. Here, we consider develop a concept for an integrating framework for absolute accuracy; long-term stability; self-consistency among sensors, platforms, techniques, and observing systems; and validation and characterization of performance. Across all systems, this is a non-trivial problem. Simultaneous Nadir Overpasses, or SNO's, provide a proven intercomparison technique: simultaneous, collocated, co-angular measurements. Many systems have off-nadir elements, or effects, that must be calibrated. For these systems, the nadir technique constrains the process. We define the term "SOON," for simultaneous overpass off nadir. We present a target architecture and sensitivity analysis for the affordable, sustainable implementation of a global SOON calibration/validation network that can deliver the much-needed comprehensive, common, self-consistent operational picture in near-real time, at an affordable cost.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Philip Ardanuy, Philip Ardanuy, Bill Bergen, Bill Bergen, Allen Huang, Allen Huang, Gene Kratz, Gene Kratz, Jeff Puschell, Jeff Puschell, Carl Schueler, Carl Schueler, Joe Walker, Joe Walker, "Simultaneous overpass off nadir (SOON): a method for unified calibration/validation across IEOS and GEOSS system of systems", Proc. SPIE 6301, Atmospheric and Environmental Remote Sensing Data Processing and Utilization II: Perspective on Calibration/Validation Initiatives and Strategies, 630101 (1 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.682890; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.682890
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