1 September 2006 Free space optical communication links in a marine environment
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We present an analysis of Free Space Optical (FSO) signal attenuation experienced in a marine environment. This work is in support of the Communication Link Assessment in Marine Environments program (CLAIME), for the Navy's investment in a network infrastructure for high altitude tactical layer connectivity to the Global Information Grid. The expanded bandwidth requirement can be realized using FSO networking capabilities. The performance of the link needs to be evaluated for different platforms such as ship-to-ship, airborne-to-ship, as well as airborne-to-airborne links. Near surface horizontal links required for ship-to-ship communications will be described in detail. The challenges faced in this environment include determining the attenuation due to aerosol scattering as well as optical turbulence. Determining the attenuation due to fog, haze, rain and snow will be addressed as well.
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Veena Gadwal, Veena Gadwal, Stephen Hammel, Stephen Hammel, } "Free space optical communication links in a marine environment", Proc. SPIE 6304, Free-Space Laser Communications VI, 63040P (1 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.682474; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.682474

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