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24 August 2006 Stereo camera-based intelligent UGV system for path planning and navigation
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In this paper, a new real-time and intelligent mobile robot system for path planning and navigation using stereo camera embedded on the pan/tilt system is proposed. In the proposed system, face area of a moving person is detected from a sequence of the stereo image pairs by using the YCbCr color model and using the disparity map obtained from the left and right images captured by the pan/tilt-controlled stereo camera system and depth information can be detected. And then, the distance between the mobile robot system and the face of the moving person can be calculated from the detected depth information. Accordingly, based-on the analysis of these data, three-dimensional objects can be detected. Finally, by using these detected data, 2-D spatial map for a visually guided robot that can plan paths, navigate surrounding objects and explore an indoor environment is constructed. From some experiments on target tracking with 480 frames of the sequential stereo images, it is analyzed that error ratio between the calculated and measured values of the relative position is found to be very low value of 1.4 % on average. Also, the proposed target tracking system has achieved a high speed of 0.04 sec/frame for target detection and 0.06 sec/frame for target tracking.
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Jung-Suk Lee, Jung-Hwan Ko, and Dal-Do Chungb "Stereo camera-based intelligent UGV system for path planning and navigation", Proc. SPIE 6312, Applications of Digital Image Processing XXIX, 63121J (24 August 2006);

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