25 August 2006 An efficient high-resolution time-frequency representation
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Abstract
We address the problem of efficient resolution, detection and estimation of weak tones in a potentially massive amount of data. Our goal is to produce a relatively small reduced data set characterizing the signals in the environment in time and frequency. The requirements for this problem are that the process must be computationally efficient, high gain and able to resolve signals and efficiently compress the signal information into a form that may be easily displayed and further processed. We base our process on the cross spectral representation we have previously applied to other problems. In selecting this method, we have considered other representations and estimation methods such as the Wigner distribution and Welch's method. We compare our method to these methods. The spectral estimation method we propose is a variation of Welch's method and the cross-power spectral (CPS) estimator which was first applied to signal estimation and detection in the mid 1980's. The CPS algorithm and the method we present here are based on the principles first described by Kodera et al. now frequently called the reassignment principle.
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D. J. Nelson, D. C. Smith, "An efficient high-resolution time-frequency representation", Proc. SPIE 6313, Advanced Signal Processing Algorithms, Architectures, and Implementations XVI, 63130T (25 August 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.681438; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.681438
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