30 August 2006 An electronically-collimated portable gamma-ray detector for locating environmental radiation sources
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Abstract
We are developing a detector system for locating environmental radiation sources. The design emphasizes compact size (ideally hand-held), wide field of view and high detection efficiency, and uses cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) detectors and electronic collimation via Compton-scatter detection. The detector design is a 6-sided box with a primary scatter detector on one end. GEANT4 simulations, allowing variations of detector parameters and source energies/locations, provided performance estimates. A partial prototype, using 16x16-pixel 38x38x5-mm3 CZT detectors, was developed and tested. Two methods to calculate source direction in real-time from the Compton scatter data were evaluated: (1) filtered backprojection of cones onto a sphere; (2) intersection with the sphere of bounding boxes circumscribed around the cones. Simulation results of the 6-sided box with the current CZT modules indicated 1-5% of incident gamma rays produce valid direction angles, with an angular resolution of ~15°. The directional algorithms allowed a FOV (directional error <10°) of approximately ±60°. The direction algorithms converge on a source direction estimate in as few as 100 detected events. With improvements in detector energy and spatial resolution, reasonable performance seems achievable for a range of radioisotopes, e.g., from Am-241 through Co-60.
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Kenneth L. Matthews, Kenneth L. Matthews, Blair M. Smith, Blair M. Smith, Adam W. Lackie, Adam W. Lackie, William H. Hill, William H. Hill, Wei-Hsung Wang, Wei-Hsung Wang, Michael L. Cherry, Michael L. Cherry, } "An electronically-collimated portable gamma-ray detector for locating environmental radiation sources", Proc. SPIE 6319, Hard X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Detector Physics and Penetrating Radiation Systems VIII, 63190H (30 August 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.683568; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.683568
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