30 August 2006 Demonstration of enhanced K-edge angiography utilizing a samarium x-ray generator
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Abstract
The samarium-target x-ray tube is useful in order to perform cone-beam K-edge angiography because K-series characteristic x-rays from the samarium target are absorbed effectively by iodine-based contrast media. This generator consists of the following components: a constant high-voltage power supply, a filament power supply, a turbomolecular pump, and an x-ray tube. The x-ray tube is a demountable diode which is connected to the turbomolecular pump and consists of the following major devices: a samarium target, a tungsten hairpin cathode (filament), a focusing (Wehnelt) electrode, a polyethylene terephthalate x-ray window 0.25 mm in thickness, and a stainless-steel tube body. In the x-ray tube, the positive high voltage is applied to the anode (target) electrode, and the cathode is connected to the tube body (ground potential). In this experiment, the tube voltage applied was from 50 to 70 kV, and the tube current was regulated to within 0.10 mA by the filament temperature. The exposure time is controlled in order to obtain optimum x-ray intensity. The electron beams from the cathode are converged to the target by the focusing electrode, and bremsstrahlung x-rays were absorbed using a 50-µm-thick tungsten filter. The x-ray intensity was 1.04 μGy/s at 1.0 m from the x-ray source with a tube voltage of 60 kV and a tube current of 0.10 mA, and angiography was performed using a computed radiography system and iodine-based microspheres 15 µm in diameter. In angiography of non-living animals, we observed fine blood vessels of approximately 100 µm with high contrasts.
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Eiichi Sato, Etsuro Tanaka, Hidezo Mori, Toshiaki Kawai, Takashi Inoue, Akira Ogawa, Mitsuru Izumisawa, Kiyomi Takahashi, Shigehiro Sato, Toshio Ichimaru, Kazuyoshi Takayama, "Demonstration of enhanced K-edge angiography utilizing a samarium x-ray generator", Proc. SPIE 6319, Hard X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Detector Physics and Penetrating Radiation Systems VIII, 63190L (30 August 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.679234; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.679234
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