8 September 2006 Nanostructured thin-film tungsten trioxide photoanodes for solar water and sea-water splitting
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Abstract
About 3 μm thick tungsten trioxide film electrodes consisting of partly sintered, 40-80 nm in diameter, particles deposited on conducting glass substrates exhibit high photon-to-current conversion efficiencies for the photooxidation of water, exceeding 70% at 400 nm. This is facilitated by a ca. 40% film porosity resulting in high contact area with the electrolyte. It is shown that the activity of the WO3 electrodes towards photooxidation of water is enhanced by addition of even small amounts of halide (Cl-, Br-) ions to the acidic electrolyte. Photoelectrolysis experiments performed either in acidic electrolytes containing chloride or bromide anions or in a 0.5 M NaCl solution, under simulated 1.5 AM solar illumination, demonstrated long term stability of the photocurrents. Oxygen remains the main product of the photoanodic reaction even in a 0.5 M NaCl solution, a composition close to the sea water, with chlorine accounting for ca. 20% of current efficiency.
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Jan Augustynski, Jan Augustynski, Renata Solarska, Renata Solarska, Hans Hagemann, Hans Hagemann, Clara Santato, Clara Santato, } "Nanostructured thin-film tungsten trioxide photoanodes for solar water and sea-water splitting", Proc. SPIE 6340, Solar Hydrogen and Nanotechnology, 63400J (8 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.680667; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.680667
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