3 October 2006 Radiometric calibration stability of the EO-1 Advanced Land Imager: 5 years on-orbit
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The Advanced Land Imager (ALI) was developed as a prototype sensor for follow on missions to Landsat-7. It was launched in November 2000 on the Earth Observing One (EO-1) satellite as a nominal one-year technology demonstration mission. As of this writing, the sensor has continued to operate in excess of 5 years. Six of the ALI's nine multi-spectral (MS) bands and the panchromatic band have similar spectral coverage as those on the Landsat-7 ETM+. In addition to on-board lamps, which have been significantly more stable than the lamps on ETM+, the ALI has a solar diffuser and has imaged the moon monthly since launch. This combined calibration dataset allows understanding of the radiometric stability of the ALI system, its calibrators and some differentiation of the sources of the changes with time. The solar dataset is limited as the mechanism controlling the aperture to the solar diffuser failed approximately 18 months after launch. Results over 5 years indicate that: the shortest wavelength band (443 nm) has degraded in response about 2%; the 482 nm and 565 nm bands decreased in response about 1%; the 660 nm, 790 nm and 868 nm bands each degraded about 5%; the 1250 nm and 1650 nm bands did not change significantly and the 2215 nm band increased in response about 2%.
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Brian L. Markham, Lawrence Ong, Julia A. Barsi, Jeffrey A. Mendenhall, Donald E. Lencioni, Dennis L. Helder, Douglas M. Hollaren, and Ron Morfitt "Radiometric calibration stability of the EO-1 Advanced Land Imager: 5 years on-orbit", Proc. SPIE 6361, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites X, 63610U (3 October 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.690058; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.690058

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