3 October 2006 Comparisons of the Raman lidar measurements of the tropospheric water vapor profiles with radiosondes, meteorological observation tower, and GPS at Tsukuba, Japan
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Abstract
The vertical distributions of the water vapor mixing ratio (w) were measured by Raman lidar at the Meteorological Research Institute, Japan, in 2000 to 2004. The measured values were compared with those obtained with radiosondes, hygrometers on the meteorological observation tower, and Global Positional System (GPS) antennas. The values of w obtained with the lidar agreed within 9% with those obtained with the Meisei RS2-91 radiosonde for w > 0.5 g/kg-1. However, they were systematically higher than those obtained with the Vaisala RS80-A radiosonde for that region. The vertical variations of w obtained with the lidar were similar to those obtained with the Meisei RS-01G and Meteolabor Snow White radiosondes for w > 0.3 g/kg-1. The temporal variations of w obtained with the lidar were similar to those obtained with the hygrometers at heights between 50 and 213 m on the tower, although the absolute values differed systematically due to the incomplete overlap of the laser beam and the receiver's field of view at the lower heights. The precipitable water vapor content obtained with the lidar generally agreed with those obtained with GPS, except for the period when the large spatial inhomogeneity of w was present.
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Tetsu Sakai, Tetsu Sakai, Tomohiro Nagai, Tomohiro Nagai, Masahisa Nakazato, Masahisa Nakazato, Takatsugu Matsumura, Takatsugu Matsumura, Narihiro Orikasa, Narihiro Orikasa, Yoshinori Shoji, Yoshinori Shoji, } "Comparisons of the Raman lidar measurements of the tropospheric water vapor profiles with radiosondes, meteorological observation tower, and GPS at Tsukuba, Japan", Proc. SPIE 6367, Lidar Technologies, Techniques, and Measurements for Atmospheric Remote Sensing II, 63670D (3 October 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.689734; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.689734
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