20 October 2006 Chemically robust platform for optical solid-state conducting polymer sensor
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Proceedings Volume 6371, Photonic Sensing Technologies; 63710A (2006) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.686414
Event: Optics East 2006, 2006, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Conjugated polymers are unique materials for use in the development of chemical and biological sensors because of their widely tunable optical and electrical properties that allow them dual functionality as both the sensing element and the signal transducer. Furthermore, as optical photoluminescence based sensors, electroactive polymers are found to exhibit high sensitivity due to the ability of the analyte of interest to quench the photoluminescence of the entire polymer chain. In order to produce a more chemically robust thin film for use as a "solid-state" optical sensor, we succeeded in grafting various poly (3-alkyl-thiophene)s to optically transparent substrates such as glass, quartz, and ITO coated glass. This was accomplished by first grafting a thiophene monomer to the surface then chemically growing the films via oxidative polymerization. XPS studies indicated that each chemical step was accurately understood. The polythiophene growth, unaltered by sonication and tape peeling tests, was uniform across the substrate and could be directed by selective silanization of the substrate. Film thicknesses range from 20 to 200 nm and exhibit varying degrees of surface roughness, depending on the polymerization process. The reaction times and solvents were varied in order to optimize the desired film properties. The absorption and photoluminescence properties of the thin films compared well with literature on spun-cast polythiophene films, as did the electrical conductivities of the doped and undoped material. The photoluminescence intensities of the films are found to be unaffected by paraquat in water but are sensitive to trace amounts of ferric chloride in acetonitrile with measurable Stern Volmer constants.
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A. L. Holt, J. P. Bearinger, S. A. Carter, "Chemically robust platform for optical solid-state conducting polymer sensor", Proc. SPIE 6371, Photonic Sensing Technologies, 63710A (20 October 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.686414; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.686414

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