10 October 2006 Gas detection using an integrating sphere as a multipass absorption cell
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Abstract
The reduction of harmful environmental pollutants which can have adverse effects on human health and the development of sensors capable of monitoring low concentrations of these pollutants is a major source of concern for many researchers today. This paper describes a multipass absorption cell used to detect and monitor the presence of several gases in the ultra violet and visible regions. An integrating sphere with a highly reflective internal coating (over 99%) was adapted in order to input and output various gases. Sulphur dioxide was detected in the ultra violet region, ozone in the visible and nitrogen dioxide in both the ultra violet and visible. This paper will report the generation of effective optical path lengths of up to 70 cm using a 5 cm diameter integrating sphere. This results in an optical sensor capable of detecting sulphur dioxide concentrations as low as 10 ppm, nitrogen dioxide concentrations as low as 4 ppm and ozone levels of the order of 500 ppm.
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Eamonn Hawe, Eamonn Hawe, Gerard Dooly, Gerard Dooly, Paul Chambers, Paul Chambers, Colin Fitzpatrick, Colin Fitzpatrick, Elfed Lewis, Elfed Lewis, } "Gas detection using an integrating sphere as a multipass absorption cell", Proc. SPIE 6379, Photonic Applications for Aerospace, Transportation, and Harsh Environments, 63790I (10 October 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.685113; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.685113
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