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2 October 2006 Automated synthesis of distortion-invariant filters: AutoMinace
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This paper presents our automated filter-synthesis algorithm for the minimum noise and correlation energy (MINACE) distortion-invariant filter (DIF). We discuss use of this autoMinace filter in face recognition and automatic target recognition (ATR), in which we consider both true-class object classification and rejection of non-database objects (impostors in face recognition and confusers in ATR). We use at least one Minace filter per object class to be recognized; a separate Minace filter or a set of Minace filters is synthesized for each object class. The Minace parameter c trades-off distortion-tolerance (recognition) versus discrimination (impostor/confuser/clutter rejection) performance. Our automated Minace filter-synthesis algorithm (autoMinace) automatically selects the Minace filter parameter c and selects the training set images to be included in the filter, so that we achieve both good recognition and good impostor/confuser and clutter rejection performance; this is achieved using a training and validation set. No impostor/confuser, clutter or test set data is present in the training or validation sets. Use of the peak-to-correlation energy (PCE) ratio is found to perform better than the correlation peak height metric. The use of circular versus linear correlations is addressed; circular correlations require less storage and fewer online computations and are thus preferable. Representative test results for three different databases - visual face, IR ATR, and SAR ATR - are presented. We also discuss an efficient implementation of Minace filters for detection applications, where the filter template is much smaller than the input target scene.
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David Casasent and Rohit Patnaik "Automated synthesis of distortion-invariant filters: AutoMinace", Proc. SPIE 6384, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XXIV: Algorithms, Techniques, and Active Vision, 638401 (2 October 2006);

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