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12 December 2006 Development of all-solid-state coherent 589 nm light source: toward the realization of sodium lidar and laser guide star adaptive optics
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Abstract
We report an all-solid-state coherent 589 nm light source in single-pass sum-frequency generation (SFG) with actively mode-locked Nd:YAG lasers for the realization of sodium lidar and laser guide star adaptive optics. The Nd:YAG lasers are constructed as a LD-side-pumped configuration and are operated at 1064 and 1319 nm for 589 nm light generation in SFG. Output powers of 16.5 and 5.3 W at 1064 and 1319 nm are obtained with two pumping chambers. Each chamber consisted of three 80-W-LD arrays. Single transverse mode TEM00; M2 ~1.1 is achieved with adjustment of cavity length considering thermal lens effect with increase of input LD power. The cavity length is set to approximately 1 m. Accordingly the mode-locked lasers are operated at a repetition rate of approximately 150 MHz. Synchronization of two pulse trains at 1064 and 1319 nm is accomplished by control of phase difference between two radio frequencies input in acousto-optic mode-lockers. Then temporal delay is controlled with a resolution of 37 ps/degree. Pump beams are mixed in periodically poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate (PPSLT) without an antireflection coating. The effective aperture and length of the crystal are 0.5 × 2 mm2 and 15 mm. When input intensity is set at 5.6 MW/cm , an average output power of 4.6 W is obtained at 589.159 nm. Precise tuning to the sodium D2 line is accomplished by thermal control of etalons set in the Nd:YAG lasers. The output power at 589.159 nm is stably maintained within ±1.2% for 8 hours.
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Norihito Saito, Kazuyuki Akagawa, Mayumi Kato, Akira Takazawa, Yutaka Hayano, Yoshihiko Saito, Meguru Ito, Hideki Takami, Masanori Iye, and Satoshi Wada "Development of all-solid-state coherent 589 nm light source: toward the realization of sodium lidar and laser guide star adaptive optics", Proc. SPIE 6409, Lidar Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring VII, 64091H (12 December 2006); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.697363
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