Remote sensing is a powerful tool for precision forestry, providing the forestry industry with spatial information on environment impacts, growth and yield, site variables and damage assessment. Nonetheless the extraction of information from remotely sensed imagery is presently labor intensive requiring highly qualified remote sensing experts, making this information source expensive and slow. With the improvement of spatial resolution, very high resolution remote sensing image are now a competitive alternative to aerial photography and field visits in forest resource survey. In recent years, numerous classification methods were described in the literature and they can be classified into two large classes: traditional pixel-based classification and object-oriented image analysis method. Traditional pixel-based classification techniques either supervised methods or unsupervised method all based on spectral analysis of individual pixels and significant progress has been achieved in recent years. However, these approaches have their limitations since the problem of mixed pixels is indeed reduced, but the internal variability and the noise within land cover classes are increased the improved spatial resolution. In order to improve the classification accuracy, object-oriented image analysis concept has been proposed. This paper explores the use of object oriented image analysis approaches in mapping forest resource and introduces a fast and robust segmentation algorithm--mean shift. The study is based on SPOT-5 image covering the national forest park of Tian'eshan, Zixing City, Hunan, China. Image processing included geometric and atmospheric correction and image segmentation and classification using spectral and spatial information to separate 5 classes. 86.5342% overall accuracy was achieved with this approach. In additional, object oriented image analysis method is compared with traditional pixel based method. The results show the importance, capabilities and challenges of object oriented approaches in providing detailed and accurate information about the physical structure of forest areas.