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1 November 2007 Crack monitoring in concrete structures based on piezoelectric impedance technique
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Proceedings Volume 6423, International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering; 64230J (2007) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.779237
Event: International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering, 2007, Harbin, China
Abstract
Piezoelectric materials have direct and converse piezoelectric effects and can serve as actuators and/or sensors. A piezoelectric impedance technique for crack monitoring in concrete structures is addressed in this paper, which use the electromechanical coupling property of piezoelectric materials. The basic principle of the technique is that by measuring the electrical impedance of piezoelectric ceramic sheets (PZT) bonded to the surface of host structure, the changes in structural mechanical impedance resulted from the presence of crack damage are monitored because the electrical impedance of PZT is directly related to the mechanical impedance of host structure. The main features of the technique are that it is not based on any physical models and its high frequency characteristics. An experimental study on crack monitoring of concrete beams was implemented based on the piezoelectric impedance technique. In this experiment, the electrical admittances (inverse of electrical impedances) of PZT were measured when the host beam was suffering from cracks with variable depth. Subsequently, a damage index, the root-mean-square deviation of real admittance (RMSDR) was presented, by which the locations and extents of concrete cracks were determined. It was found experimentally that the piezoelectric impedance technique for crack monitoring in concrete beam was quite effective and sensitive, which indicated its favorable application views in civil infrastructure systems.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Dansheng Wang, Hongping Zhu, and Zhi Gao "Crack monitoring in concrete structures based on piezoelectric impedance technique", Proc. SPIE 6423, International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering, 64230J (1 November 2007); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.779237
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