23 March 2007 Noninvasive intravital cellular diagnosis of atopic dermatitis by using harmonic optical virtual biopsy
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Atopic dermatitis (AD) is now very common in people who live in cities, especially for babies and children. Since the cause of AD is still not completely understood and each person may have his own mixed symptoms that can change over time, diagnosis of AD can not be done precisely. Unlike some skin diseases, physical biopsy is rarely used in diagnosing AD on account of its low urgency. Thus, only indirect diagnoses, like asking for a medical history to learn about the symptoms and to rule out other diseases can be carried out. To gain insight into cellular details of AD for long-term diagnosing without physical biopsy, a noninvasive in vivo tool with a sub-micron subsurface resolution and high penetrability has to be used. In this presentation, we show that harmonic optical virtual biopsy can provide the required noninvasive cellular imaging, and is ideal for future clinical diagnosis of AD. Harmonic optical microscopy has been demonstrated to have the capability to reveal cellular morphology of human skin from epidermis to dermis layer. Third harmonic generation (THG), which is sensitive to inhomogeneous interfaces, can show the structures of skins, and can be used to reveal the morphological changes, for example, the thicken cuticle which is a common symptom of AD. Second harmonic generation (SHG), which occurs in non-centrosymmetric structures, has excellent contrast in collagen fibers and can show the pathological changes of dermis layer. Utilizing both THG and SHG, useful information may be given to facilitate the diagnosis of AD.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Szu-Yu Chen, Szu-Yu Chen, Jyh-Hong Lee, Jyh-Hong Lee, Bor-Luen Chiang, Bor-Luen Chiang, Chi-Kuang Sun, Chi-Kuang Sun, } "Noninvasive intravital cellular diagnosis of atopic dermatitis by using harmonic optical virtual biopsy", Proc. SPIE 6424, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics III, 642403 (23 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.699638; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.699638


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