26 March 2007 Retinal thermal damage threshold studies for multiple pulses
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Proceedings Volume 6426, Ophthalmic Technologies XVII; 642626 (2007) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.702354
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2007, San Jose, California, United States
Excised bovine retinas were used as an explant model for threshold determination of laser induced thermal damage for multiple pulse exposures for the laser wavelength of 532 nm. The thresholds as determined by fluorescence viability staining compare very well with the prediction of thermal damage computer model that is based on the Arrhenius damage integral. Comparison of the experimental data with the thermal damage computer model that additivity of multiple pulses can be understood on the basis of partial thermal damage induced by the individual pulses. Both models were previously (BIOS 2006) validated against non-human primate threshold data. The multiple pulse thresholds for a given series of pulses were compared against the MPE evaluation method for multiple pulses, referred to as N-1/4 or Total on Time (TOT) rule. Variation of the pulse duration, retinal spot size and the spacing between pulses shows that the TOT rule either reflects the damage threshold trend for multiple pulses very well or errs on the conservative side.
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Karl Schulmeister, Karl Schulmeister, Bernhard Seiser, Bernhard Seiser, Florian Edthofer, Florian Edthofer, Johannes Husinsky, Johannes Husinsky, Letizia Farmer, Letizia Farmer, } "Retinal thermal damage threshold studies for multiple pulses", Proc. SPIE 6426, Ophthalmic Technologies XVII, 642626 (26 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.702354; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.702354

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