While fundamental research in areas of drug discovery and medical device development will continue to be important,
additional emphasis is now being placed on translational research. Here, the scientific discoveries coming from
laboratory, clinical, or population studies are being moved into clinical practice. For the most part, this translation is
being done with only minimal forethought and planning. This talk will examine models for translational research and
the roles and needs of standards in the process. While many of the concepts are valid for all aspects of biomedical
research, examples from the optical technology and device area will be highlighted. In particular the NCI Network for
Translational Research: Optical Imaging (NTROI) will be mentioned.