14 February 2007 Compact sub-mW mid-infrared DFG laser source using direct-bonded QPM-LN ridge waveguide and laser diodes
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Abstract
We report compact sub-mW mid-infrared (IR) laser sources based on difference frequency generation (DFG) in a quasiphase matched (QPM) LiNbO3 (LN) waveguide directly pumped with two laser diodes (LDs). The mid-IR lasers operate in the cw mode at ambient temperatures, and can be used for the tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS). To construct the mid-IR laser sources, we employed a fiber-pigtailed wavelength conversion module, which we spliced to a direct-bonded QPM-LN ridge waveguide by using the V-groove connection technique. The modules had high external conversion efficiencies of 10 and 16 %/W for 3.4 and 2.6 &mgr;m, respectively. The signal was obtained from a 1.55-&mgr;m-band distributed feedback (DFB)-LD, and the pump from a single-mode LD stabilized with a fiber-Bragg-grating (FBG). We used 1.064 and 0.976-&mgr;m pump LDs for 3.4 and 2.6-(micron)m generation, respectively. The two LDs and the wavelength converter were assembled with a polarization maintaining fiber, and then packaged in a box. We obtained high outputs of up to 0.20 mW for the 3.4-&mgr;m laser source and 0.33 mW for the 2.6-&mgr;m laser source, and detected CH4 and H2O absorption lines with the 3.4 and 2.6-&mgr;m laser light sources, respectively.
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Osamu Tadanaga, Yoshiki Nishida, Tsutomu Yanagawa, Katsuaki Magari, Takeshi Umeki, Masaki Asobe, and Hiroyuki Suzuki "Compact sub-mW mid-infrared DFG laser source using direct-bonded QPM-LN ridge waveguide and laser diodes", Proc. SPIE 6455, Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices, and Applications VI, 64550D (14 February 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.699753; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.699753
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