13 March 2007 Modifications of Ti-6Al-4V surfaces by direct-write laser machining of linear grooves
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As patients who receive orthopedic implants live longer and opt for surgery at a younger age, the need to extend the in vivo lifetimes of these implants has grown. One approach is to pattern implant surfaces with linear grooves, which elicit a cellular response known as contact guidance. Lasers provide a unique method of generating these surface patterns because they are capable of modifying physical and chemical properties over multiple length scales. In this paper we explore the relationship between surface morphology and laser parameters such as fluence, pulse overlap (translation distance), number of passes, and machining environment. We find that using simple procedures involving multiple passes it is possible to manipulate groove properties such as depth, shape, sub-micron roughness, and chemical composition of the Ti-6Al-4V oxide layer. Finally, we demonstrate this procedure by machining several sets of grooves with the same primary groove parameters but varied secondary characteristics. The significance of the secondary groove characteristics is demonstrated by preliminary cell studies indicating that the grooves exhibit basic features of contact guidance and that the cell proliferation in these grooves are significantly altered despite their similar primary characteristics. With further study it will be possible to use specific laser parameters during groove formation to create optimal physical and chemical properties for improved osseointegration.
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Joseph P. Ulerich, Joseph P. Ulerich, Lara C. Ionescu, Lara C. Ionescu, Jianbo Chen, Jianbo Chen, Winston O. Soboyejo, Winston O. Soboyejo, Craig B. Arnold, Craig B. Arnold, "Modifications of Ti-6Al-4V surfaces by direct-write laser machining of linear grooves", Proc. SPIE 6458, Photon Processing in Microelectronics and Photonics VI, 645819 (13 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.713964; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.713964

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