7 February 2007 Novel concepts for ultrahigh-speed quantum-dot VCSELs and edge-emitters
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Abstract
Advanced types of QD media allow an ultrahigh modal gain, avoid temperature depletion and gain saturation effects, when used in high-speed quantum dot (QD) vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs). An anti-guiding VCSEL design reduces gain depletion and radiative leakage, caused by parasitic whispering gallery VCSEL modes. Temperature robustness up to 100°C for 0.96 - 1.25 &mgr;m range devices is realized in the continuous wave (cw) regime. An open eye 20 Gb/s operation with bit error rates better than 10-12 has been achieved in a temperature range 25-85°C without current adjustment. A different approach for ultrahigh-speed operation is based on a combination of the VCSEL section, operating in the CW mode with an additional section of the device, which is electrooptically modulated under a reverse bias. The tuning of a resonance wavelength of the second section, caused by the electrooptic effect, affects the transmission of the system. The second cavity mode, resonant to the VCSEL mode, or the stopband edge of the second Bragg reflector can be used for intensity modulation. The approach enables ultrahigh speed signal modulation. 60GHz electrical and ~35GHz optical (limited by the photodetector response) bandwidths are realized.
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N. N. Ledentsov, N. N. Ledentsov, F. Hopfer, F. Hopfer, A. Mutig, A. Mutig, V. A. Shchukin, V. A. Shchukin, A. V. Savel'ev, A. V. Savel'ev, G. Fiol, G. Fiol, M. Kuntz, M. Kuntz, V. A. Haisler, V. A. Haisler, T. Warming, T. Warming, E. Stock, E. Stock, S. S. Mikhrin, S. S. Mikhrin, A. R. Kovsh, A. R. Kovsh, C. Bornholdt, C. Bornholdt, H. Eisele, H. Eisele, M. Dähne, M. Dähne, N. D. Zakharov, N. D. Zakharov, P. Werner, P. Werner, D. Bimberg, D. Bimberg, } "Novel concepts for ultrahigh-speed quantum-dot VCSELs and edge-emitters", Proc. SPIE 6468, Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XV, 64681O (7 February 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.717248; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.717248
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