1 March 2007 Audio watermarking robust to geometrical distortions based on dyadic wavelet transform
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Abstract
Geometrical transforms such as time-scale modification (TSM), random removal(RR), random duplication(RD), and cropping, are of common operations on audio signals while presents many challenges to robust audio watermarking. The existing algorithms aiming at solving the geometrical distortions have various drawbacks e.g. high false alarm probability, heavy computation load, small data hiding capacity, and low robustness performance. In this paper an audio watermarking algorithm based on dyadic wavelet transform robust to geometrical distortions is proposed. Watermark synchronization is achieved using the geometrical invariant properties of dyadic wavelet transform. A well-designed coding scheme is proposed for lowering the bit error rate of the watermark. The experimental results show that the watermark is robust to geometrical transforms and other common operations. Compared with other existing algorithms the proposed algorithm has several advantages of high robustness, large data hiding capacity and low computation load.
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Yong Wang, Yong Wang, Shaoquan Wu, Shaoquan Wu, Jiwu Huang, Jiwu Huang, } "Audio watermarking robust to geometrical distortions based on dyadic wavelet transform", Proc. SPIE 6505, Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents IX, 65050A (1 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.698495; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.698495
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