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27 February 2007 Deterring watermark collusion attacks using signal processing techniques
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Abstract
Collusion attack is a malicious watermark removal attack in which the hacker has access to multiple copies of the same content with different watermarks and tries to remove the watermark using averaging. In the literature, several solutions to collusion attacks have been reported. The main stream solutions aim at designing watermark codes that are inherently resistant to collusion attacks. The other approaches propose signal processing based solutions that aim at modifying the watermarked signals in such a way that averaging multiple copies of the content leads to a significant degradation of the content quality. In this paper, we present signal processing based technique that may be deployed for deterring collusion attacks. We formulate the problem in the context of electronic music distribution where the content is generally available in the compressed domain. Thus, we first extend the collusion resistance principles to bit stream signals and secondly present experimental based analysis to estimate a bound on the maximum number of modified versions of a content that satisfy good perceptibility requirement on one hand and destructive averaging property on the other hand.
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Aweke N. Lemma and Michiel van der Veen "Deterring watermark collusion attacks using signal processing techniques", Proc. SPIE 6505, Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents IX, 65050M (27 February 2007); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.704106
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