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21 March 2007 Fusion of real-time transrectal ultrasound with pre-acquired MRI for multi-modality prostate imaging
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A system for fusion of realtime transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) with pre-acquired 3D images of the prostate was designed and demonstrated in phantoms and volunteer patients. Biopsy guides for endocavity ultrasound transducers were equipped with customized 6 degree-of-freedom (DoF) electromagnetic (EM) tracking sensors, compatible with the Aurora EM tracking system (Northern Digital Inc, NDI, Waterloo, ON, Canada). The biopsy guides were attached to an ultrasound probe and calibrated to map tracking coordinates with ultrasound image coordinates. Six cylindrical gold seeds were placed in a prostate phantom to serve as fiducial markers. The fiducials were first identified manually in 3T magnetic resonance (MR) images collected with an endorectal coil. The phantom was then imaged with tracked realtime TRUS and the fiducial markers were identified in the live image using custom software. Rigid registrations between MR and ultrasound image space were computed and evaluated using subsets of the fiducial markers. Twelve patients were scanned with 3T MRI and TRUS for biopsy and seed placement. In ten patients, volumetric ultrasound images were reconstructed from 2D sweeps of the prostate and were manually registered with the MR. The rigid registrations were used to display live TRUS images fused with spatially corresponding realtime multiplanar reconstructions (MPRs) of the MR image volume. Registration accuracy was evaluated by segmenting the prostate in the MR and volumetric ultrasound and computing distance measures between the two segmentations. In the phantom experiments, registration accuracies of 2.2 to 2.3 mm were achieved. In the patient studies, the average root mean square distance between the MR and TRUS segmentations was 3.1 mm, the average Hausdorff distance was 9.8 mm. Deformation of the prostate during MR and TRUS scan was identified as the primary source of error. Realtime MR/TRUS image fusion is feasible and is a promising approach to improved target visualization during TRUS-guided biopsy or therapy procedures.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jochen Krücker, Sheng Xu, Neil Glossop, Peter Guion, Peter Choyke, Iclal Ocak, Anurag K Singh, and Bradford J. Wood "Fusion of real-time transrectal ultrasound with pre-acquired MRI for multi-modality prostate imaging", Proc. SPIE 6509, Medical Imaging 2007: Visualization and Image-Guided Procedures, 650912 (21 March 2007);

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