13 March 2007 The variability of software scoring of the CDMAM phantom associated with a limited number of images
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Abstract
Software scoring approaches provide an attractive alternative to human evaluation of CDMAM images from digital mammography systems, particularly for annual quality control testing as recommended by the European Protocol for the Quality Control of the Physical and Technical Aspects of Mammography Screening (EPQCM). Methods for correlating CDCOM-based results with human observer performance have been proposed. A common feature of all methods is the use of a small number (at most eight) of CDMAM images to evaluate the system. This study focuses on the potential variability in the estimated system performance that is associated with these methods. Sets of 36 CDMAM images were acquired under carefully controlled conditions from three different digital mammography systems. The threshold visibility thickness (TVT) for each disk diameter was determined using previously reported post-analysis methods from the CDCOM scorings for a randomly selected group of eight images for one measurement trial. This random selection process was repeated 3000 times to estimate the variability in the resulting TVT values for each disk diameter. The results from using different post-analysis methods, different random selection strategies and different digital systems were compared. Additional variability of the 0.1 mm disk diameter was explored by comparing the results from two different image data sets acquired under the same conditions from the same system. The magnitude and the type of error estimated for experimental data was explained through modeling. The modeled results also suggest a limitation in the current phantom design for the 0.1 mm diameter disks. Through modeling, it was also found that, because of the binomial statistic nature of the CDMAM test, the true variability of the test could be underestimated by the commonly used method of random re-sampling.
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Chang-Ying Joseph Yang, Richard Van Metter, "The variability of software scoring of the CDMAM phantom associated with a limited number of images", Proc. SPIE 6510, Medical Imaging 2007: Physics of Medical Imaging, 65100C (13 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.713655; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.713655
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