14 March 2007 Mean absorbed dose to mouse in micro-CT imaging with an ultrafast laser-based x-ray source
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Abstract
We have investigated theoretically the mean absorbed dose to the mouse in our newly constructed, in-line holography, x-ray phase-contrast, in-vivo, micro-CT system with an ultrafast laser-based x-ray (ULX) source. We assumed that the effective mouse diameter was 30 mm and the x-ray detector required minimum 30 μGy per frame to produce high quality images. The following laser target-filter combinations were considered: Ag-Ag, Mo-Mo, Sn- Sn. In addition, we considered narrow-pass multilayer x-ray mirrors. The corresponding ULX spectra were obtained using a CZT solid-state spectrometer. The approach used for dose computation was similar to human dose estimation. The mouse was modeled as a tissue-equivalent cylinder located at the isocenter with diameter 30 mm and density 1g/cm3. A layer of dermis (skin and fur) with 1 mm thickness was also modeled. Imparted energy per volume was estimated for 1 keV wide x-ray energy intervals in the 6-100 keV range. Monte Carlo simulations were performed using the SIERRA code previously validated using 30 mm diameter PMMA phantom. The results obtained indicate that: a) the mean absorbed dose for ULX is less than or equal to that from a W-anode micro-CT tube operating at 30-40 kVp with 0.5 or 1.0 mm Al; b) for filter thickness above 100 μm, Sn-Sn results in the highest dose, followed by Ag-Ag and Mo-Mo; c) the multilayer x-ray mirror with FWHM ≤ 10 keV produces significantly lower dose than metallic foil filters. We conclude that ULX can provide better dose utilization than a microfocal x-ray tube for in vivo microtomography applications.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Andrzej Krol, Hongwei Ye, Russell Kincaid, John Boone, Marina Servol, Jean-Claude Kieffer, Yakov Nesterets, Tim Gureyev, Andrew Stevenson, Steve Wilkins, Edward Lipson, Remy Toth, Andrew Pogany, Ioana Coman, "Mean absorbed dose to mouse in micro-CT imaging with an ultrafast laser-based x-ray source", Proc. SPIE 6510, Medical Imaging 2007: Physics of Medical Imaging, 65103P (14 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.713827; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.713827
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