8 March 2007 Local mismatch location and spatial scale detection in image registration
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Image registration is now a well understood problem and several techniques using a combination of cost functions, transformation models and optimizers have been reported in medical imaging literature. Parametric methods often rely on the efficient placement of control points in the images, that is, depending on the location and scale at which images are mismatched. Poor choice of parameterization results in deformations not being modeled accurately or over parameterization, where control points may lie in homogeneous regions with low sensitivity to cost. This lowers computational efficiency due to the high complexity of the search space and might also provide transformations that are not physically meaningful, and possibly folded. Adaptive methods that parameterize based on mismatch in images have been proposed. In such methods, the cost measure must be normalized, heuristics such as how many points to pick, resolution of the grids, choosing gradient thresholds and when to refine scale would have to be ascertained in addition to the limitation of working only at a few discrete scales. In this paper we identify mismatch by searching the entire image and a wide range of smooth spatial scales. The mismatch vector, containing location and scale of mismatch is computed from peaks in the local joint entropy. Results show that this method can be used to quickly and effectively locate mismatched regions in images where control points can be placed in preference to other regions speeding up registration.
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R. Narayanan, R. Narayanan, J. A. Fessler, J. A. Fessler, B. Ma, B. Ma, H. Park, H. Park, C. R. Meyer, C. R. Meyer, "Local mismatch location and spatial scale detection in image registration", Proc. SPIE 6512, Medical Imaging 2007: Image Processing, 65121X (8 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.707439; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.707439

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