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4 April 2007 Meeting overlay requirements for future technology nodes with in-die overlay metrology
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As a consequence of the shrinking sizes of the integrated circuit structures, the overlay budget shrinks as well. Overlay is traditionally measured with relatively large test structures which are located in the scribe line of the exposure field, in the four corners. Although the performance of the overlay metrology tools has improved significantly over time it is questionable if this traditional method of overlay control will be sufficient for future technology nodes. For advanced lithography techniques like double exposure or double patterning, in-die overlay is critical and it is important to know how much of the total overlay budget is consumed by in-die components. We reported earlier that small overlay targets were included directly inside die areas and good performance was achieved. This new methodology enables a wide range of investigations. This provides insight into processes which were less important in the past or not accessible for metrology. The present work provides actual data from productive designs, instead of estimates, illustrating the differences between the scribe line and in-die registration and overlay. The influence of the pellicle on pattern placement on mask and wafer overlay is studied. Furthermore the registration overlay error of the reticles is correlated to wafer overlay residuals. The influence of scanner-induced distortions (tool to tool differences) on in-die overlay is shown. Finally, the individual contributors to in-die-overlay are discussed in the context of other overlay contributors. It is proposed to use in-die overlay and registration results to derive guidelines for future overlay and registration specifications. It will be shown that new overlay correction schemes which take advantage of the additional in-die overlay information need to be considered for production.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Bernd Schulz, Rolf Seltmann, Jens Busch, Fritjof Hempel, Eric Cotte, and Benjamin Alles "Meeting overlay requirements for future technology nodes with in-die overlay metrology", Proc. SPIE 6518, Metrology, Inspection, and Process Control for Microlithography XXI, 65180E (4 April 2007);

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