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4 April 2007 BARC (bottom anti-reflective coating) for immersion process
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Abstract
193nm immersion Lithography will be installed at 45nm and beyond. For severe CD control, BARC (Bottom Antireflective Coating) has been used and this material must be used for immersion lithography. So far, we have developed several BARCs with various advantages (fast etch rate, broad resist compatibility, high adhesion, conformal...etc). Especially in an immersion process, development of BARC has to satisfy for the optical control and defectivity. The reflectivity control at Hyper NA is not same as the lower NA, because optical pass length in the BARC is not the same between low NA and High NA. In order to achieve enough etch selectivity to the substrate, hard mask materials are necessary. These under layers have absorption at 193nm. As a result of simulation, target optical parameters of next BARC should be low k value (k = ~0.25) for multi BARC stack. On the other hand, the defect issue must be decreased in the immersion process. However, the generation of many kinds of defects is suspected in the immersion process (water mark, blob defect, sublimation defect...etc). Regarding the BARC, there are also several specific defects in this process. Especially, after edge bead rinse, film peeling at edge area is one of the concerns. We researched the root cause of edge peeling and a solution for this defect. In this paper, we will discuss the detail of our BARC approach for litho performance, optical parameter, leaching, sublimation, edge peel defects and etch selectivity, and introduce new BARC for 193nm immersion lithography.
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Yoshiomi Hiroi, Takahiro Kishioka, Rikimaru Sakamoto, Daisuke Maruyama, Takuya Ohashi, Tomohisa Ishida, Shigeo Kimura, Yasushi Sakaida, and Hisayuki Watanabe "BARC (bottom anti-reflective coating) for immersion process", Proc. SPIE 6519, Advances in Resist Materials and Processing Technology XXIV, 651928 (4 April 2007); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.711305
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